coreyc
Published © GPL3+

Programming Language Authors

A game to see how many programming language authors you can identify.

BeginnerShowcase (no instructions)1 hour184

Things used in this project

Software apps and online services

Alexa Skills Kit
Amazon Alexa Alexa Skills Kit
AWS Lambda
Amazon Web Services AWS Lambda

Story

Read more

Code

index.js

JavaScript
'use strict';

/**
 * When editing your questions pay attention to your punctuation. Make sure you use question marks or periods.
 * Make sure the first answer is the correct one. Set at least 4 answers, any extras will be shuffled in.
 */
var questions = [
    {
        "Who designed C + +?": [
            "Bjarne Stroustrup"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed Ruby?": [
            "Yukihiro Matsumoto"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed Java?": [
            "James Gosling"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed C?": [
            "Dennis Ritchie"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed Elixir?": [
            "Jose Valim"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed Clojure?": [
            "Rich Hickey"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed JavaScript?": [
            "Brendan Eich"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed Python?": [
            "Guido van Rossum"
        ]
    },
    {
        "Who designed Perl?": [
            "Larry Wall"
        ]
    }
];

// Route the incoming request based on type (LaunchRequest, IntentRequest,
// etc.) The JSON body of the request is provided in the event parameter.
exports.handler = function (event, context) {
    try {
        console.log("event.session.application.applicationId=" + event.session.application.applicationId);

        /**
         * Uncomment this if statement and populate with your skill's application ID to
         * prevent someone else from configuring a skill that sends requests to this function.
         */

//     if (event.session.application.applicationId !== "amzn1.echo-sdk-ams.app.05aecccb3-1461-48fb-a008-822ddrt6b516") {
//         context.fail("Invalid Application ID");
//      }

        if (event.session.new) {
            onSessionStarted({requestId: event.request.requestId}, event.session);
        }

        if (event.request.type === "LaunchRequest") {
            onLaunch(event.request,
                event.session,
                function callback(sessionAttributes, speechletResponse) {
                    context.succeed(buildResponse(sessionAttributes, speechletResponse));
                });
        } else if (event.request.type === "IntentRequest") {
            onIntent(event.request,
                event.session,
                function callback(sessionAttributes, speechletResponse) {
                    context.succeed(buildResponse(sessionAttributes, speechletResponse));
                });
        } else if (event.request.type === "SessionEndedRequest") {
            onSessionEnded(event.request, event.session);
            context.succeed();
        }
    } catch (e) {
        context.fail("Exception: " + e);
    }
};

/**
 * Called when the session starts.
 */
function onSessionStarted(sessionStartedRequest, session) {
    console.log("onSessionStarted requestId=" + sessionStartedRequest.requestId
        + ", sessionId=" + session.sessionId);

    // add any session init logic here
}

/**
 * Called when the user invokes the skill without specifying what they want.
 */
function onLaunch(launchRequest, session, callback) {
    console.log("onLaunch requestId=" + launchRequest.requestId
        + ", sessionId=" + session.sessionId);

    getWelcomeResponse(callback);
}

/**
 * Called when the user specifies an intent for this skill.
 */
function onIntent(intentRequest, session, callback) {
    console.log("onIntent requestId=" + intentRequest.requestId
        + ", sessionId=" + session.sessionId);

    var intent = intentRequest.intent,
        intentName = intentRequest.intent.name;

    // handle yes/no intent after the user has been prompted
    if (session.attributes && session.attributes.userPromptedToContinue) {
        delete session.attributes.userPromptedToContinue;
        if ("AMAZON.NoIntent" === intentName) {
            handleFinishSessionRequest(intent, session, callback);
        } else if ("AMAZON.YesIntent" === intentName) {
            handleRepeatRequest(intent, session, callback);
        }
    }

    // dispatch custom intents to handlers here
    if ("AnswerIntent" === intentName) {
        handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("AnswerOnlyIntent" === intentName) {
        handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("DontKnowIntent" === intentName) {
        handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("AMAZON.YesIntent" === intentName) {
        handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("AMAZON.NoIntent" === intentName) {
        handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("AMAZON.StartOverIntent" === intentName) {
        getWelcomeResponse(callback);
    } else if ("AMAZON.RepeatIntent" === intentName) {
        handleRepeatRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("AMAZON.HelpIntent" === intentName) {
        if (!session.attributes) {
            getWelcomeResponse(callback);
        } else {
            handleGetHelpRequest(intent, session, callback);
        }
    } else if ("AMAZON.StopIntent" === intentName) {
        handleFinishSessionRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else if ("AMAZON.CancelIntent" === intentName) {
        handleFinishSessionRequest(intent, session, callback);
    } else {
        throw "Invalid intent";
    }
}

/**
 * Called when the user ends the session.
 * Is not called when the skill returns shouldEndSession=true.
 */
function onSessionEnded(sessionEndedRequest, session) {
    console.log("onSessionEnded requestId=" + sessionEndedRequest.requestId
        + ", sessionId=" + session.sessionId);

    // Add any cleanup logic here
}

// ------- Skill specific business logic -------

var ANSWER_COUNT = 1;
var GAME_LENGTH = 5;
var CARD_TITLE = "Programming Language Authors"; // Be sure to change this for your skill.

function getWelcomeResponse(callback) {
    var sessionAttributes = {},
        speechOutput = "Let's learn about programming language authors. I will ask you about " + GAME_LENGTH.toString()
            + " languages, try to get as many authors right as you can. Just say the name of the author. Let's begin. ",
        shouldEndSession = false,

        gameQuestions = populateGameQuestions(),
        correctAnswerIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * (ANSWER_COUNT)), // Generate a random index for the correct answer, from 0 to 3
        roundAnswers = populateRoundAnswers(gameQuestions, 0, correctAnswerIndex),

        currentQuestionIndex = 0,
        spokenQuestion = Object.keys(questions[gameQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]]),
        repromptText = spokenQuestion,

        i, j;

    for (i = 0; i < ANSWER_COUNT; i++) {
        repromptText += ""
    }
    speechOutput += repromptText;
    sessionAttributes = {
        "speechOutput": repromptText,
        "repromptText": repromptText,
        "currentQuestionIndex": currentQuestionIndex,
        "correctAnswerIndex": correctAnswerIndex + 1,
        "questions": gameQuestions,
        "score": 0,
        "correctAnswerText":
            questions[gameQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]][Object.keys(questions[gameQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]])[0]][0]
    };
    callback(sessionAttributes,
        buildSpeechletResponse(CARD_TITLE, speechOutput, repromptText, shouldEndSession));
}

function populateGameQuestions() {
    var gameQuestions = [];
    var indexList = [];
    var index = questions.length;

    if (GAME_LENGTH > index){
        throw "Invalid Game Length.";
    }

    for (var i = 0; i < questions.length; i++){
        indexList.push(i);
    }

    // Pick GAME_LENGTH random questions from the list to ask the user, make sure there are no repeats.
    for (var j = 0; j < GAME_LENGTH; j++){
        var rand = Math.floor(Math.random() * index);
        index -= 1;

        var temp = indexList[index];
        indexList[index] = indexList[rand];
        indexList[rand] = temp;
        gameQuestions.push(indexList[index]);
    }

    return gameQuestions;
}

function populateRoundAnswers(gameQuestionIndexes, correctAnswerIndex, correctAnswerTargetLocation) {
    // Get the answers for a given question, and place the correct answer at the spot marked by the
    // correctAnswerTargetLocation variable. Note that you can have as many answers as you want but
    // only ANSWER_COUNT will be selected.
    var answers = [],
        answersCopy = questions[gameQuestionIndexes[correctAnswerIndex]][Object.keys(questions[gameQuestionIndexes[correctAnswerIndex]])[0]],
        temp, i;

    var index = answersCopy.length;

    if (index < ANSWER_COUNT){
        throw "Not enough answers for question.";
    }

    // Shuffle the answers, excluding the first element.
    for (var j = 1; j < answersCopy.length; j++){
        var rand = Math.floor(Math.random() * (index - 1)) + 1;
        index -= 1;

        var temp = answersCopy[index];
        answersCopy[index] = answersCopy[rand];
        answersCopy[rand] = temp;
    }

    // Swap the correct answer into the target location
    for (i = 0; i < ANSWER_COUNT; i++) {
        answers[i] = answersCopy[i];
    }
    temp = answers[0];
    answers[0] = answers[correctAnswerTargetLocation];
    answers[correctAnswerTargetLocation] = temp;
    return answers;
}

function handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback) {
    // Get the answers for a given question, and place the correct answer at the spot marked by the
    // correctAnswerTargetLocation variable. Note that you can have as many answers as you want but
    // only ANSWER_COUNT will be selected.
    var answers = [],
        answersCopy = questions[gameQuestionIndexes[correctAnswerIndex]][Object.keys(questions[gameQuestionIndexes[correctAnswerIndex]])[0]],
        temp, i;

    var index = answersCopy.length;

    if (index < ANSWER_COUNT){
        throw "Not enough answers for question.";
    }

    // Shuffle the answers, excluding the first element.
    for (var j = 1; j < answersCopy.length; j++){
        var rand = Math.floor(Math.random() * (index - 1)) + 1;
        index -= 1;

        var temp = answersCopy[index];
        answersCopy[index] = answersCopy[rand];
        answersCopy[rand] = temp;
    }

    // Swap the correct answer into the target location
    for (i = 0; i < ANSWER_COUNT; i++) {
        answers[i] = answersCopy[i];
    }
    temp = answers[0];
    answers[0] = answers[correctAnswerTargetLocation];
    answers[correctAnswerTargetLocation] = temp;
    return answers;
}

function handleAnswerRequest(intent, session, callback) {
    var speechOutput = "";
    var sessionAttributes = {};
    var gameInProgress = session.attributes && session.attributes.questions;
    var answerSlotValid = isAnswerSlotValid(intent);
    var userGaveUp = intent.name === "DontKnowIntent";

    if (!gameInProgress) {
        // If the user responded with an answer but there is no game in progress, ask the user
        // if they want to start a new game. Set a flag to track that we've prompted the user.
        sessionAttributes.userPromptedToContinue = true;
        speechOutput = "There is no game in progress. Do you want to start a new game? ";
        callback(sessionAttributes,
            buildSpeechletResponse(CARD_TITLE, speechOutput, speechOutput, false));
    } else if (!answerSlotValid && !userGaveUp) {
        var reprompt = session.attributes.speechOutput;
        var speechOutput = "Your answer must be a known programming language author " + reprompt;
        callback(session.attributes,
            buildSpeechletResponse(CARD_TITLE, speechOutput, reprompt, false));
    } else {
        var gameQuestions = session.attributes.questions,
            correctAnswerIndex = parseInt(session.attributes.correctAnswerIndex),
            currentScore = parseInt(session.attributes.score),
            currentQuestionIndex = parseInt(session.attributes.currentQuestionIndex),
            correctAnswerText = session.attributes.correctAnswerText;

        var speechOutputAnalysis = "";

        if (answerSlotValid && intent.slots.Answer.value == correctAnswerText) {
            currentScore++;
            speechOutputAnalysis = "correct. ";
        } else {
            if (!userGaveUp) {
                speechOutputAnalysis = "wrong. "
            }
            speechOutputAnalysis += "The correct answer is " + correctAnswerText + ". ";
        }
        // if currentQuestionIndex is 4, we've reached 5 questions (zero-indexed) and can exit the game session
        if (currentQuestionIndex == GAME_LENGTH - 1) {
            speechOutput = userGaveUp ? "" : "That answer is ";
            speechOutput += speechOutputAnalysis + "You got " + currentScore.toString() + " out of "
                + GAME_LENGTH.toString() + " questions correct. Thank you for learning Programming Language Authors with Alexa!";
            callback(session.attributes,
                buildSpeechletResponse(CARD_TITLE, speechOutput, "", true));
        } else {
            currentQuestionIndex += 1;
            var spokenQuestion = Object.keys(questions[gameQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]]);
            // Generate a random index for the correct answer, from 0 to 3
            correctAnswerIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * (ANSWER_COUNT));
            var roundAnswers = populateRoundAnswers(gameQuestions, currentQuestionIndex, correctAnswerIndex),

                questionIndexForSpeech = currentQuestionIndex + 1,
                repromptText =  spokenQuestion ;
            for (var i = 0; i < ANSWER_COUNT; i++) {
                repromptText +=  ""
            }
            speechOutput += userGaveUp ? "" : "That answer is ";
            speechOutput += speechOutputAnalysis + "Your score is " + currentScore.toString() + ". " + repromptText;

            sessionAttributes = {
                "speechOutput": repromptText,
                "repromptText": repromptText,
                "currentQuestionIndex": currentQuestionIndex,
                "correctAnswerIndex": correctAnswerIndex + 1,
                "questions": gameQuestions,
                "score": currentScore,
                "correctAnswerText":
                    questions[gameQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]][Object.keys(questions[gameQuestions[currentQuestionIndex]])[0]][0]
            };
            callback(sessionAttributes,
                buildSpeechletResponse(CARD_TITLE, speechOutput, repromptText, false));
        }
    }
}

function handleRepeatRequest(intent, session, callback) {
    // Repeat the previous speechOutput and repromptText from the session attributes if available
    // else start a new game session
    if (!session.attributes || !session.attributes.speechOutput) {
        getWelcomeResponse(callback);
    } else {
        callback(session.attributes,
            buildSpeechletResponseWithoutCard(session.attributes.speechOutput, session.attributes.repromptText, false));
    }
}

function handleGetHelpRequest(intent, session, callback) {
    // Provide a help prompt for the user, explaining how the game is played. Then, continue the game
    // if there is one in progress, or provide the option to start another one.

    // Set a flag to track that we're in the Help state.
    session.attributes.userPromptedToContinue = true;

    // Do not edit the help dialogue. This has been created by the Alexa team to demonstrate best practices.

    var speechOutput = "I will ask you to provide the name of the programming language. You will need to answer who designed the language. "
        + "To repeat the last language, say, repeat. "
        + "Would you like to keep playing?",
        repromptText = "To give an answer, respond with the correct author. "
        + "Would you like to keep playing?";
        var shouldEndSession = false;
    callback(session.attributes,
        buildSpeechletResponseWithoutCard(speechOutput, repromptText, shouldEndSession));
}

function handleFinishSessionRequest(intent, session, callback) {
    // End the session with a "Good bye!" if the user wants to quit the game
    callback(session.attributes,
        buildSpeechletResponseWithoutCard("Thanks for playing Programming Language Authors!", "", true));
}

function isAnswerSlotValid(intent) {
    var answerSlotFilled = intent.slots && intent.slots.Answer && intent.slots.Answer.value;
    var answerSlotIsInt = answerSlotFilled && !isNaN(parseInt(intent.slots.Answer.value));
    return 1;
}

// ------- Helper functions to build responses -------


function buildSpeechletResponse(title, output, repromptText, shouldEndSession) {
    return {
        outputSpeech: {
            type: "PlainText",
            text: output
        },
        card: {
            type: "Simple",
            title: title,
            content: output
        },
        reprompt: {
            outputSpeech: {
                type: "PlainText",
                text: repromptText
            }
        },
        shouldEndSession: shouldEndSession
    };
}

function buildSpeechletResponseWithoutCard(output, repromptText, shouldEndSession) {
    return {
        outputSpeech: {
            type: "PlainText",
            text: output
        },
        reprompt: {
            outputSpeech: {
                type: "PlainText",
                text: repromptText
            }
        },
        shouldEndSession: shouldEndSession
    };
}

function buildResponse(sessionAttributes, speechletResponse) {
    return {
        version: "1.0",
        sessionAttributes: sessionAttributes,
        response: speechletResponse
    };
}

intents.json

JSON
{
  "intents": [
    {
      "intent": "AnswerIntent",
      "slots": [
        {
          "name": "Answer",
          "type": "LIST_OF_ANSWERS"
        }
      ]
    },
        {
      "intent": "AnswerOnlyIntent",
      "slots": [
        {
          "name": "Answer",
          "type": "LIST_OF_ANSWERS"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.StartOverIntent"
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.RepeatIntent"
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.HelpIntent"
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.YesIntent"
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.NoIntent"
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.StopIntent"
    },
    {
      "intent": "AMAZON.CancelIntent"
    }
  ]
}

LIST_OF_ANSWERS

Plain text
Bjarne Stroustrup
Yukihiro Matsumoto
James Gosling
Dennis Ritchie
Jose Valim
Rich Hickey
Brendan Eich
Guido van Rossum
Larry Wall

utterances

Plain text
AnswerIntent the answer is {Answer}
AnswerIntent my answer is {Answer}
AnswerIntent is it {Answer}
AnswerIntent {Answer} is my answer
AnswerOnlyIntent {Answer}


AMAZON.StartOverIntent start game
AMAZON.StartOverIntent new game
AMAZON.StartOverIntent start
AMAZON.StartOverIntent start new game
AMAZON.StartOverIntent start a game
AMAZON.StartOverIntent start a new  game

Credits

coreyc

coreyc

7 projects • 16 followers

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